Both 2D and 3D metrology offer the right measurement procedure to achieve 100 percent verification of parts for products that require a high degree of precision. Small parts manufacturers, such as those in the computer and technology industries, especially benefit from established and emerging technologies. Here’s how.
2D Vs. 3D Metrology
2D metrology is an established technology that has been used for years. It analyzes the roughness and waviness of a product, becoming a vital part of the quality control process. The profile measurements generated help identify surface imperfections or protrusions. 2D is ideal for applications where the specifications are well-defined or the customer is providing standard operating procedures. 2D is often preferred because it’s simple to operate, requires little investment, is highly flexible and is capable of measuring difficult areas and positions.
2D metrology is great, but 3D is even better. In fact, Metrology.news acknowledges, “In order to meet the demands of emerging quality control applications, the industry is undergoing a fundamental transition from 2D to 3D technology. ” As automation takes over, manufacturers are increasing volume, making product quality even more important. Additionally, surfaces are becoming more technical in function. Advances in coating, bonding, lubrication and friction require more high-tech inspection.
For example, 2D metrology cannot distinguish transparent glues from surrounding material. This is particularly vital in the computer and electronics industry. 3D metrology, on the other hand, can accomplish this task through smart sensors that provide high-resolution height data, which reveal glue bead location and volume.
Metrology’s Role in the Smart Factory
Integration and connectivity are the pillars of the future smart factory. Metrology gives companies large and small complete visibility. Manufacturers have the ability to see supplier values to determine the quality of their parts, as well as greater control over the production process once the supplies are in-house. From raw material to final item, metrology is increasing overall operational efficiency.
“Future metrology will be used to assess and guarantee the fit, performance and functionality of every part and support the targets of zero waste and carbon neutrality,” explained the National Physical Laboratory, Britain’s national measurement institute.
Integro’s Metrology and Surface Vision Inspection System
Machine vision is the present and the future of manufacturing. Quality control, productivity, environmental impact and product reputation rely on an accurate inspection process. Integro Technologies provides 3D and 2D metrology and surface inspection solutions. Learn more about our surface vision inspection system. Contact us to discuss a customized solution to your manufacturing inspection needs.